Hardcastle and Stewart succinctly point out a fundamental problem at the heart of the methodology of neuroscience (and of cognitive science): the modularity thesis.
Neuroscience did not “discover” modules — loci of functions — in brains. Rather “they don’t even have a good way of accessing the appropriate evidence. It is a bias in neuroscience to localize and modularize brain functions.”
The problem with scientistic methodology is that you see what you expect to see.
There’s much more in play: Noah Brender’s work questions the modularity thesis underlying much of technoscience.
However, another world is possible :)